Sunday, May 24, 2020

Socioeconomic Status Of African Americans Socioeconomic...

African Americans Socioeconomic condition Socioeconomic position is a financial and sociological joint whole measure of a person s effort skill and of an individual s or family’s financial and social condition in relation to others, stand on profits, education, and occupation. While breaking down a family’s SES, the family unit salary, workers education, and occupation are inspected, and additionally joined wage, versus with a person, when their own qualities are evaluated. Alternately all the more ordinarily know not a monetary distinction in society all in all. Socioeconomic status is ordinarily broken into three classes to portray the three zones a family or an individual may fall into. While setting a family or individual into one of these classes, any or the majority of the three variables can be surveyed. Furthermore, low salary and education have been appeared to be solid indicators of a scope of physical and emotional wellness issues, including respiratory infections, joint pain, coronary illness, and schizophrenia. These issues might be because of natural conditions in their working environment, or, on account of dysfunctional behaviors, might be the whole reason for that individual s social problem regardless. Education in higher socioeconomic families is ordinarily pushed as a great deal more vital, both inside of the family and additionally the nearby group. In poorer zones, where nourishment and security are need, education can take a secondary lounge.Show MoreRelatedHow Culture Influences Health Of All Individuals1389 Words    |  6 PagesHow Culture Influences Health in America Culture plays a great role in the health of all individuals. The American race has a vast influence over other cultures that migrate to the United States. Unfortunately, the dietary habits of the average American can lead to an increased health risk and a variety of problems that will further be elaborated on. It is important to remember that health is not just the physical aspect that everyone assumes when they consider the word health. It actually hasRead MoreAfrican Americans : The American Dream Game Cartoon By David Horsey Essay1687 Words   |  7 PagesThe United States is famous for its American dream, which ensures equal opportunity for all, but African Americans experience a more diluted form of the dream due to their innate reductions in socioeconomic mobility.   African Americans differ from White Americans physiologically only in skin pigmentation;   however, as depicted in The American Dream Game cartoon by David Horsey, a political commentator and cartoonist wi th extensive experience in social and political issues, various race-induced obstaclesRead MoreSocioeconomic Status And Health Care933 Words   |  4 PagesAccording to About.com (Elizabeth Boskey, 2014), socioeconomic status is defined as a arrangement of elements including income, level of education, and occupation. It is a way of looking at how individuals or families fit into society using economic and social measures that have been shown to influence individuals health and well-being. Socioeconomic status is broken into three categories: high, middle, and low social economic status. These three categories are used to describe the three areasRead MoreHigh Blood Pressure Among African Americans1040 Words   |  5 PagesHigh Blood Pressure Among African Americans Many illness or diseases are known as silent killers because there are no signs or only vague signs of symptoms. These silent killers are deadly; in fact, they gradually consume a person in the early stages. One of those silent killers is High Blood Pressure also known as hypertension. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defines High Blood Pressure as the force of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries, which carry blood from your heartRead MoreThe Oral Health Status Between Older Adults And The White Population Essay727 Words   |  3 PagesArticle Analysis I Quandt, S. A. (2009). Disparities in Oral Health Status Between Older Adults in a Multiethnic Rural Community: The Rural Nutrition and Oral Health Study. Journal Of The American Geriatrics Society, 57(8), 1369-1375. In an attempt to compare the status of oral health between the African American, American-Indian communities and the white population, the researchers carried out their research in the rural counties of North Carolina. The participant pool consisted of 635 people whoRead MoreA Brief Note On African American Adults And Obesity1480 Words   |  6 Pages November 17, 2016 African American Adults and Obesity Introduction: In the US, there are tremendous disparities in health outcomes across different racial and ethnic groups. Non-Hispanic, African American adults, in particular, are known to â€Å"bear a disproportionate burden of disease, injury, death, and disability† when compared to the rest of the population. Many factors contribute to these disparities. According to the CDC, among the contributors are â€Å"socioeconomic factors (e.g., educationRead MoreHealth Disparities Among African Americans1355 Words   |  6 PagesHealth disparities amongst African-Americans continue to destabilize not just the various communities but the health care system as a whole. Minority groups especially African-Americans are more probable to agonize from certain health illnesses, have higher mortality rates and lower life expectancy than another other race in the nation. Health disparities are complex and incorporate lifestyle choices, socioeconomic factors such as income, education and employment and a ccess to care services. ForRead MoreThe Factors Affecting Minority Groups Essay1539 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction: Racism has consistently affected African Americans, Asians, Latinos/Hispanics, Caribbean, Etc. Many researchers argue about the many factors affecting minority groups in society due to racism. Racism can have direct and indirect effects on a minority population. All the groups listed are all known as minorities within the United States and their socioeconomic standards. Socioeconomic status, also known as (SES), is a way used to classify many American citizens into different classes dependingRead MoreThe Effects Of Socioeconomic Status On Multicultural Social Work Practice Essay1264 Words   |  6 Pagesanxiety, and depression. Americans have become over whelmed with the worries and struggles of, social conditions, the racial crisis, and financial difficulties. Unfortunately, there are so many that are not recognizing these mental obstacles and are carrying on, baring the weight as if these feelings are normal. This qualifies as Socioeconomic Status (SES). Socioeconomic Status encom passes all of those factors that exceed one s physical health,......... social conditions, ...... one s sense ofRead MoreGonorrhea and African-Americans1577 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Gonorrhea and African Americans Introduction It is reported in the work of Wang (2008) that during the years of 1988 to 2003, 84.1% of patients in the GISP were African American, whereas during that same period 83.0% of male patients in the United States reported through the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System to have gonorrhea were African American. The gonorrhea rate among African Americans was reported at 18 times greater than the rate for white persons. (Wang, 2008) I. Description

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

THE ROME II REGULATION - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 10 Words: 2859 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Law Essay Did you like this example? THE ROME II REGULATION 1 The Rome II regulation is an example of a European Union Regulation that concerns itself with the conflicts of law that are applicable to obligations that are not contractual. As from January 11th 2009, the Rome II regulation was able to create a set of rules that are harmonized within the European Union in regard to a law that would govern the commercial and civil matters of the members of the EU. This is in respect to non-contractual delict, tort or unjust enrichment. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "THE ROME II REGULATION" essay for you Create order This regulation was formed under EC 864/2007[1]. The Rome Convention of 1980 was able to establish analogous rules that could guide the manner which contractual obligations are carried out. The Rome I regulation was able to replace the Rome Convention, in regard to the laws that are able to guide the manner in which contractual obligations are carried out. This law was applicable to all the members of the European Union, apart from Denmark[2]. The Rome II regulation was initially presented to the commission of the EU in the year 2003. On 11th of July 2007, an amended text was presented to the commission, and officially published on 31st of July 2007[3]. As from 11th of January 2009, the Rome II regulation began to be implemented. However, it applies to all obligations that arose from the 20th of August 2007. However, the document itself is silent in regard to this issue. For purposes of accommodating the various concerns that are raised by the EU parliament, the Rome II regulation came up with applicable laws on privacy and defamation that were acceptable by the members of the European Union. However, this was a difficult process, because most states could not agree on the most acceptable choice of a set of rules that could be used and applied in instances of privacy and defamation. This paper examines this concept of the Rome II regulation, and it seeks to analyze the reasons why the regulation has failed to provide a difference between conduct regulation, and the regulation of loss. The Scope of the Rome II Regulation: Article I of this regulation gives a definition of its scope. In accordance to article I, the Rome II Regulation is applicable to all non contractual issues that pertain to commercial and civil matters. This is specifically in a situation that involves the conflict of laws[4]. These conflicts of laws may arise in a situation where many nationals of different countries are involved in a conflict; hence there is a dilemma on the type of laws that should be used for purposes of solving the mentioned conflict. For example, take a hypothetical situation where a French cyclist is hurt by a British driver, in Germany. Three nations are involved in this situation that is the French, the British, and the Germans. The Rome II regulation provides guidance in the laws that will be applicable in solving the above mentioned hypothetical problem or situation. A number of issues are not covered by the Rome II Regulation, and therefore, there are certain laws and provisions which guide the manner in which disputes arising from them are solved. The issues that it does not cover includes the administrative issues, custom matters, issues dealing with revenues, or the liability of the state in regard to the various actions that it commits. Other areas that the regulation does not cover include issues dealing with marriage, relationships, succession and wills, etc[5]. This is an indication that the Rome II Regulation only involves itself with issues that are not contractual, and binding. The European Union has separate laws and regulations that are responsible for guiding the manner in which conflicts arising from contractual obligations are solved. An example of a contractual law in the European Union, is the 2004/ 18/EC public contract directive issued by the European Union. The aim of this type of law is to help in opening up of the European Union market, by ensuring a free movement of supplies, and products to the member states of the EU. This is an indication that matters touching on contract are not under the mandate of the Rome II Regulation. The central provision of Rome II regulation is found in article 4. Article 4 provides for the residual and the general rules which guide the application of the Rome II regulations. For instance, article 4 (1) of the regulations denotes that the law that shall apply when a damage occurs, is the law of the nation in which the damage under consideration has happen ed. For instance, in our hypothetical example above, three nations were involved in a dispute. That is France, Germany, and United Kingdom. The cyclist was hurt in Germany, and therefore, the laws that applied in this scenario, were the laws of Germany. This is despite the parties involved in the conflict were not the citizens of Germany. A good example of the applicability of this principle is seen in the ruling by the ruling of the German Court, in 2009. This was a case brought by a registered association in Germany, against an airline company that had its registration license in Latvia. Under this case, the German Court ruled that as in accordance to the provisions of 4 (1) of the Rome II regulation, any action of the airline company that causes a damage within a particular EU territory, then the laws of the country where the damage occurred shall be applicable, and not the laws of Latvia[6]. Through this ruling, the German Federal Court was able to apply the provisions contai ned in the Rome II regulation. However, the place of damage rule, as advocated by the Rome II regulation has two major exceptions. The first exception touches on the concept of habitual residence, whereby if the two parties to the conflict had the same habitual residence, then the laws of that state shall apply. The second exception to this rule is that if the tort that occurred is very close to another country, then the laws of the country under consideration would apply. Conduct Regulation and Loss Regulation: Rome II regulation, under article 17 introduces the concepts of conduct, and the rules of safety. This article denotes that when a judicial system is assessing the conduct of an individual, who is liable for an offence, the judicial court should consider the various laws on conduct and safety in regard to the situation under consideration. These laws under consideration should be the ones which were in place at the time the event occurred, and the place of the conflict or the tort. Symeon Symoneides explains that the Rome II regulation is inefficient in explaining this concept of the conduct of an individual[7]. This is because it leaves it to the interpretation of the interpretation of the various courts and states under consideration.[8] This is a weakness of the Rome II regulation, and this is because it fails in the harmonization of the various laws of the European Union, which was one of the major objectives of establishing this regulation. This aspect is problematic, and it may lead to a miscarriage of Justice. Take for instance, a conflict that emanates between a German Driver who is able to injure a German tourist in the region of Ireland. This type of conflict can be heard by a German court, because of the exception of the Place Rule Damage, as contained in Section 4 of the Rome II Regulation. That is, if two people share a habitual residence, then the laws of the resident country shall apply. In determining the liability of the Germa n driver who has injured a German tourist, then the court has the responsibility of analyzing the conducts of the German driver, and a fact to consider is that in Ireland, an individual has to drive on the left side of the road, as opposed to Germany, where an individual has to ride on the right side of the right side of the road. By closely looking at this situation, the German court is at crossroad at whether it is using the international law or domestic laws in solving the dispute under consideration, hence this aspect of safety and conduct is controversial in nature. However, the Rome II regulation requires that the domestic laws, in regard to safety regulation and conduct should be applied in any matter that is brought before the court. This requirement by the Rome II standard to use the local laws in the determination of the concepts of safety and conduct is not sufficient. This is because some provisions of foreign law, such as laws formed and developed by competent instit utions such as tribunals in regard to the determination of a conduct of an individual should be taken into consideration. Therefore, in the development of conduct regulation, Symeonides explains that the ROME II regulation has failed[9]. Furthermore, article 17 of the Regulation only mentions the examination of the conduct of an individual who is liable for an offence. However, this law does not provide an analysis on how to examine and evaluate the conduct of a suspect, and that of his or her victim. Examples include, whether the person under consideration was driving his car under the influence of alcohol, or if he or she was provoked, and that is the reason why they acted in a manner that they acted[10]. It is based on the weaknesses of article 17 of the Rome II regulation to precisely give a definition of the term conduct, and how to evaluate it, that the regulation fails to efficiently make a distinction between loss regulation and conduct regulation. Take an example on case s that emanates from losses, because of road damages and accidents. Compensation of losses that emanates from road accidents are not always paid by the person who committed the offence, but by the insurance agencies[11]. Based on this fact, a rule which has the responsibility of determining the law that is applicable to road accidents is of utmost importance to the insurance organizations and agencies that would be responsible for paying the losses suffered by the parties in the road accident. Article 17, of the Rome II Regulation is such kind of a law. This is because it introduces the concept of conduct, in examining whether an individual is liable for an offence or not. However, insurance companies are at a dilemma on how to examine and evaluate this concept of conduct. This is left to the laws of home countries, but a problem may arise in circumstances of habitual residence citizens, who came from a country whose transportation laws are different from the transportation laws of the country where the trial happens[12]. Article 18 is also another controversial law or principle that is stated under the Rome II Regulation, which fails to provide a clear distinction between the regulation of an individualà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s conduct, and the regulation of their losses. This regulation denotes that an individual who has suffered losses may claim compensation directly from the insurance agents of the person who has caused the damage or the loss. This is as long as the low that regulates non-contractual obligations and the law that regulates insurance relations has a provision for this type of conduct. This regulation is advantageous in the sense that both laws that guide a particular aspect are placed under the same equal status. However, this law is controversial in the sense that it does not identify the manner in which the courts should use for purposes of determining the laws that should be used in protecting the victim[13]. For example, should the court use a law that is more advantageous to the victim, or should the court allow the victim, with the advice of his or her lawyers to determine the best law that would protect their interests. Based on this dilemma, scholar explains that the Rome II regulation has failed to provide a clear distinction between the regulation of losses and the regulation of conducts. Conduct is seen in regard to the action that the court should use in determining the best approach of solving the case. Furthermore, the regulation of losses is also seen on the dilemma in which the courts have, on the best law that they can use for purposes of protecting the interests of the victim. Furthermore, under the Rome II Regulation, it is difficult to identify and explain how to assess damages or losses. For instance, article 2 (1) of the regulation manages to identify and explain what this concept of damage is[14]. It denotes that damages or losses are consequences that are arising from unjust enrichment, tort, or even delict. Controversy lies on article 4 (1) which explains that the Rome II Regulation is only applicable to indirect consequences. This law ignores direct consequences which have the capability of causing an indirect damage. Therefore, article 4 (1) of the Regulations makes it difficult to distinguish between the direct and the indirect conducts, that can lead to a damage[15]. Because of the complexity of this situation, the Rome II regulation requires the legislations of the country that is handling the case to determine the direct and the indirect conduct, and therefore whether the action can result to a damage, and claims of compensation, in accordance to the rules of the state under consideration. Conclusion: In conclusion, the Rome II regulation fails to provide a distinction between conduct regulation and loss regulation. For instance, article 17 of this law just identifies that the courts have to analyze the conduct of an individual, while determining if he or s he is liable for an offense or not. This is ambiguous, because the regulation does not provide the mechanism that should be used for purposes of examining and evaluating the conduct of an individual, that lead to the loss or damage under consideration. Furthermore, article 4 (1) of the regulation denotes that only direct consequences can lead to the breach of the Regulation, hence kit would attract penalties. However, this law fails to identify what are these direct conducts, and it is left to the national courts to interpret them, based on the provisions of their laws. However, this is controversial in the sense that when a national court seeks to interpret the law based on the conduct of an individual in a foreign land, and the conduct under consideration directly conflicts with the laws and provision of the court involved in the trial of the defendants. This specifically applies to the parties who are habitual residents of one country, and they are being tried by their courts, in a crime committed in a foreign land. Article 18 of this law is also controversial in nature, and it does not provide a clear distinction between the regulations of the conduct, and that of the law. This is because it provides for the application of two laws, in regard to the compensation of a loss that emanates from road accidents. These laws are the non-contractual obligation laws, and the insurance laws that touch on compensation. The Rome II regulation does not identify how the courts should apply these laws, for purposes of compensating a victim, and regulating the conduct of an offender. Bibliography: A Dickson, The Rome II Regulation : the law applicable to non-contractual obligations. Updating supplement (1st, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2010) J Ahern and W Binchy, The Rome II regulation on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations : a new international litigation regime (1st, Leiden, Boston 2009) P. Rogerson and J. Collier, Colliers conflict of laws (4th, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2013) S Symeonides, Codifying choice of law around the world : an international comparative analysis (1st, Oxford, New York 2014) [1] A Dickson, The Rome II Regulation : the law applicable to non-contractual obligations. Updating supplement (1st, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2010) p. 44 [2] J Ahern and W Binchy, The Rome II regulation on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations : a new international litigation regime (1st, Leiden, Boston 2009) p. 26 [3] A Dickson, The Rome II Regulation : the law applicable to non-contractual obligations. Updating supplement (1st, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2010) p. 11 [4] A Dickson, The Rome II Regulation : the law applicable to non-contractual obligations. Updating supplement (1st, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2010) p. 53 [5] J Ahern and W Binchy, The Rome II regulation on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations : a new international litigation regime (1st, Leiden, Boston 2009) p. 26 [6] J Ahern and W Binchy, The Rome II regulation on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations : a new international litigation re gime (1st, Leiden, Boston 2009) p. 19 [7] S Symeonides, Codifying choice of law around the world : an international comparative analysis (1st, Oxford, New York 2014) p. 29 [8] S Symeonides, Codifying choice of law around the world : an international comparative analysis (1st, Oxford, New York 2014) p. 30 [9] S Symeonides, Codifying choice of law around the world : an international comparative analysis (1st, Oxford, New York 2014) p. 33 [10] P. Rogerson and J. Collier, Colliers conflict of laws (4th, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2013) p. 27 [11] P. Rogerson and J. Collier, Colliers conflict of laws (4th, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2013) p. 33 [12] P. Rogerson and J. Collier, Colliers conflict of laws (4th, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2013) p. 37 [13] P. Rogerson and J. Collier, Colliers conflict of laws (4th, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2013) p. 28 [14] P. Rogerson and J. Collier, Colliers conflict of laws (4th, Cambridg e University Press, Cambridge 2013) p. 42 [15] P. Rogerson and J. Collier, Colliers conflict of laws (4th, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2013) p. 43

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Perfect Competition Free Essays

Perfect Competition In  economic theory,  perfect competition  describes markets such that no participants are large enough to have the  market power  to set the price of a homogeneous product. Because the conditions for perfect competition are strict, there are few if any perfectly competitive markets. Still, buyers and sellers in some  auction-type markets, say for  commodities  or some financial assets, may approximate the concept. We will write a custom essay sample on Perfect Competition or any similar topic only for you Order Now Perfect competition serves as a benchmark against which to measure real-life and  imperfectly competitive  markets. Generally, a perfectly competitive market exists when every participant is a â€Å"price taker†, and no participant influences the price of the product it buys or sells. Specific characteristics may include: * Infinite buyers and sellers  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ An infinite number of consumers with the willingness and ability to buy the product at a certain price, and infinite producers with the willingness and ability to supply the product at a certain price. * Zero entry and exit barriers  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ A lack of entry and exit barriers makes it extremely easy to enter or exit a perfectly competitive market. Perfect factor mobility  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ In the long run  factors of production  are perfectly mobile, allowing free long term adjustments to changing market conditions. * Perfect information  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ All consumers and producers are assumed to have perfect knowledge of price, utility, quality and production methods of products. * Zero transaction costs  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ Buyers and sellers d o not incur costs in making an exchange of goods in a perfectly competitive market. * Profit maximization  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ Firms are assumed to sell where marginal costs meet marginal revenue, where the most profit is generated. Homogenous products  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ The qualities and characteristics of a market good or service do not vary between different suppliers. * Non-increasing returns to scale  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ The lack of increasing returns to scale (or economies of scale) ensures that there will always be a sufficient number of firms in the industry. * Property rights  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ Well defined property rights determine what may be sold, as well as what rights are conferred on the buyer. In the short run, perfectly-competitive markets are not  productively efficient  as output will not occur where marginal cost is equal to average cost (MC=AC). They are  allocatively efficient, as output will always occur where  marginal cost  is equal to  marginal revenue(MC=MR). In the long run, perfectly competitive markets are both allocatively and productively efficient. In perfect competition, any profit-maximizing producer faces a  market price  equal to its  marginal cost  (P=MC). This implies that a factor’s price equals the factor’s marginal revenue product. It allows for derivation of the supply curve on which the neoclassical approach is based. This is also the reason why â€Å"a monopoly does not have a supply curve†. The abandonment of price taking creates considerable difficulties for the demonstration of a general equilibrium except under other, very specific conditions such as that of monopolistic competition. By definition a perfectly competitive market is one in which no single firm has to influence either the equilibrium price of the market or the the total quantity supplied in the market. Thus, a firm operating in a competitive market has no incentive to supply at a price lower than market equilibrium price, as it can sell all it wants to supply at equilibrium. At the same time, the firm cannot sell at price higher than the market price, because it will be able find no buyers at that price, and its sales volume will drop down to zero. Thus, a firm operating in perfectly competitive market has to accept whatever is the market equilibrium price, and therefore it is called a price taker. In contrast, a monopoly firm is the only supplier in the market and therefore has full control over the market prices and total market supplies. Therefore, a firm operating in a monopoly market fixes its price in such a way that for the quantity demanded by customers at that market price the marginal revenue of the firm is equal to its marginal costs. In this way way it decides the market price as well as the total quantity if a commodity supplied in the market, and therefore it is called a price maker. Imperfect Competition In  economic theory,  imperfect competition  is the competitive situation in any market where the sellers in the market sell different/dissimilar of goods, (haterogenous) that does not meet the conditions of perfect competition. Forms of imperfect competition include: * Monopoly, in which there is only one seller of a good. * Oligopoly, in which there are few sellers of a good. * Monopolistic competition, in which there are many sellers producing highly differentiated goods. * Monopsony, in which there is only one buyer of a good. * Oligopsony, in which there are few buyers of a good. * Information asymmetry  when one competitor has the advantage of more or better information. There may also be imperfect competition due to a time lag in a market. An example is the â€Å"jobless recovery†. There are many growth opportunities available after a recession, but it takes time for employers to react, leading to high  unemployment. High unemployment decreases wages, which makes hiring more attractive, but it takes time for new jobs to be created. A type of  market that does not operate under the rigid rules of perfect competition. Perfect competition implies an industry or market in which no one supplier can influence prices, barriers to entry and exit are small, all suppliers offer the same goods, there are a large number of   suppliers and buyers, and information on pricing and process is readily available. Forms of imperfect competition include monopoly, oligopoly, monopolistic competition, monopsony and oligopsony. Pure Competition Pure Competition  is a market situation where there is a large number of independent sellers offering identical products. Pure competition is a term for an industry where competition isstagnant and relatively non competitive. Companies within the pure competition category have little control of price or distribution of product. Advertising, market research, and product development play a very little role in these companies/industries. A  market  characterized by a large  number  of independent  sellers  of standardized  products, free  flow  of information, and  free entry  and  exit. Each seller is a â€Å"price taker† rather than a â€Å"price maker†. Also sometimes referred to as  perfect competition,  pure  competition  is a situation in which the market for a product is populated with so many consumers and producers that no one entity has the ability to influence the price of the product sufficiently to cause a fluctuation. Within this type of market setting, sellers are considered to be price takers, indicating that they are not in a position to set the price for their products outside a certain range, given the fact that so many other producers are active within the market. At the same time, consumers have little influence over the prices offered by the producers, since there is no singular group of consumers that dominates the demand. In reality,  pure  competition  is more  theory  than actual fact. While there are rare situations in which a marketplace functions with  pure  competition  for a short period of time, the situation normally shifts as various factors change the stalemate created by a multiplicity of sellers and buyers. This is often due to the somewhat stringent set of factors that must be present in order for the  competition  to be considered perfect or  pure. There are several essential characteristics that define  pure  competition. One has to do with the balance of buyers to sellers. When there is an infinite number of buyers who are willing to purchase the products offered for sale by an infinite number of producers, at a certain price, the opportunity for anyone to take actions that shift the market price is extremely limited. The price remains more or less the same, and the same number of buyers purchase the products from the same range of producers. With  pure  competition, sellers can easily exit or enter the marketplace, without creating any undue influence on the price. Consumers continue to make purchases at the same rate, even if two companies leave the market and only one new one enters. The collective producers who are still in the market simply continue to produce enough products to meet consumer demand, without a shift in market price. Businesses engaged in a  pure  competition  market usually structure production so that they incur marginal costs at a level where they can earn the most profit. When the product line is homogeneous, this means the products produced are essentially the same as the product line produced by other  suppliers  in the marketplace. Assuming the costs are in line withmarginal revenue, the business can generate a consistent profit for as long as the condition of  pure  competition  is present in the market. How to cite Perfect Competition, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Council in Different Areas in Australia-Free-Samples for Students

Question: Discuss about the activities of the various council in Australia and their repective areas. Answer: Introduction This is a report, which describes the activities of the various council and their respective areas. The report is trying to portray the works of the different council in different areas in Australia. The main highlight of the report is the Ku ring gai council, which is a northern region in Sydney. The report talks about the various initiatives taken by the council and how they have made a difference for the community in that region. The objective of the study is to create a benchmark for the Ku ring gai council by comparing its activities with the other councils. Methodology Secondary data has been collected from the website of the Australian bureau of Statistics, which will give us data related to activities, demographics and other aspects of the various council (Mackey and Gass 2015). The data is also collected from the council website and then all the data are collected to find out the standard procedures that has to be followed. Comparisons The council has to be to more involved in the activities and help in the improvements of the daily life of the community. The welfare of the community is a priority and all the different classes of people have to be provided with their needs (Mcgregor and Kelly 2015). The council will have to create equal opportunity for the employment of the people, which will help in the overall growth of the community. The backward classes who are the minority in the country will have to be taken care of and they should be given proper opportunities and help to improve their disposable income (Ruming and Houston 2013). LGBT is another integral part of the society and lots of people are facing problems because they are unable to express their feelings. thus, the council will have to increase awareness about this community and help them open up and share their feelings (McIlroy 2017). Recommendations It is recommended that the council should start by helping the general society and this can be achieved by improving the quality of life. Environmental protection will have to taken which will keep the community free of diseases and provide them with a healthy environment to live in. The council will have to provide job opportunities for people irrespective of their class, sexual orientation and social class. Conclusion Thus, it can be concluded from the report that the benchmark that has been set shows that the council will have to focus on the protection of the environment in the local region. The second aspect that will have to taken as a priority is the development of the quality of life for the people who live in the local area. The local community consist of diverse people so the community will make sure that all the people of the community will be given equal benefits and opportunities. This will help in the overall development of the area. References Bayside.vic.gov.au 2017.Plans and strategies | Bayside City Council. [online] Bayside.vic.gov.au. Available at: https://www.bayside.vic.gov.au/plans-and-strategies [Accessed 5 Aug. 2017]. Callen, J. 2017.Ku-ring-gai Council - Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Communities.Kmc.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 5 August 2017, from https://www.kmc.nsw.gov.au/Services_facilities/Basics/Community_Development/Gay_Lesbian_Bisexual_Transgender_and_Intersex_Communities Council, N. 2017.North Sydney Council - Tree Policies Strategies. [online] Northsydney.nsw.gov.au. Available at: https://www.northsydney.nsw.gov.au/Waste_Environment/Trees/Tree_Policies_amp_Strategies [Accessed 5 Aug. 2017]. Mackey, A. and Gass, S.M., 2015.Second language research: Methodology and design. Routledge. Mcgregor, L. and Kelly, A.H., 2015. Ku-ring-gai, New South Wales: A Battleground between urban consolidation and green amenity. McIlroy, J., 2017. Council mergers blocked by court decision.Green Left Weekly, (1132), p.6. Northernbeaches.nsw.gov.au. 2017.Northern Beaches Council | Northern Beaches Council.Northernbeaches.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 5 August 2017, from https://www.northernbeaches.nsw.gov.au/ Ruming, K. and Houston, D., 2013. Enacting planning borders: consolidation and resistance in Ku-ring-gai, Sydney.Australian Planner,50(2), pp.123-129. Search.abs.gov.au. 2017.Searching: Australian Bureau of Statistics (www.abs.gov.au).Search.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 5 August 2017, from https://search.abs.gov.au/s/search.html?collection=absform=simpleprofile=_defaultquery=ku+ring+gai+council Warringah.nsw.gov.au 2017.Local and Regional Statistics | Northern Beaches Council. [online] Warringah.nsw.gov.au. Available at: https://www.warringah.nsw.gov.au/work/economic-development/local-and-regional-statistics [Accessed 5 Aug. 2017].

Wednesday, April 1, 2020

What is Conflict Management Essay Essay Example

What is Conflict Management Essay? Essay Needless to say, management is an inevitable part of present-day businesses. The most crucial role of management is to work with people in order to achieve a common goal and find the points of agreement among members to achieve a common good. Management is not an easy activity, and every successful manager should know the hundreds of existing techniques to rule other people effectively. It depends on the situation which such style is the most suitable for a particular case. One of the challenges in the sphere of management is a troublesome situation that arises on a daily basis. We can define it as a situation that involves more than one person with different points of view who cannot find a common agreement. The difference in viewpoints ranges starting from philosophical views and divergent goals to the desire to get power over a situation. If arguments are not handled successfully, they usually lead to the breakdown in one’s trust and the decrease of team’s productivity, and this fact may eventually lead to the death of the business. The main ground of the conflict We will write a custom essay sample on What is Conflict Management Essay? specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on What is Conflict Management Essay? specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on What is Conflict Management Essay? specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The main reason why disagreement arises is that of different viewpoints individuals have on a particular subject. Without understanding one’s viewpoint, a person gets easily pulled into the conflict. Fortunately, there exists the practice called conflict management that deals with identifying and handling conflicts with the minimum of risks and fairly, to address the needs of all participants of a bad situation, concentrating on a general good. There are numerous interpersonal techniques when it comes to managing conflicts in one’s workplace. These techniques may help to remove the misunderstanding between colleagues. It is important to know them as they are applicable to any relationship. The first step when it comes to managing troubles is to foster an environment appropriate for open communication. Regardless of differences in one’s opinion, it is much easier to stay on the same page with an interlocutor. Another interesting conflict management strategy is dealing with healthy conflict that mainly predetermines the largest outcomes. In fact, conflict serves as a motivator for big changes, and change is an inevitable part of any process of development. Negotiation during a healthy argue may help to elaborate new ideas that will lead a company to future success. Unfortunately, not all conflicts that appear are healthy. It is imperative that effective conflict solving techniques should be applied in such cases to lead members of a team through the difficult times. Conflict management Academic Writing Conflict way out is one of the major themes for an essay. The assignments to write an essay on this topic can be given not only to students whose major is Management but also to students of such majors as Psychology, Politics, Philosophy, Ethics, Journalism and many others. Completing the assignment, students have a chance not only to demonstrate their writing skills but also to persuade the readers and demonstrate own logic effectively. Critical thinking is the most significant thing when it comes to writing a paper on conflict   solving. The language and keywords students choose for their essays have a lot of weight as well. Many students wonder why this topic is popular. First of all, considering that conflict is a natural part of any workplace, it is significant for students to learn how to resolve various conflicts and understand their basis. Life makes individuals participate in unpleasant situations, and students should be able to overcome the difficulties. To be an effective manager, students should know how to face with daily stresses inside a team, how to handle loads of work, and how to consider the needs of every individual. It is a well-known fact that social interactions very often imply conflicts and conflict management essays help to understand that there is nothing bad about this in case one knows how to solve conflicts in productive ways. Generally, individuals like reading management essays to gain credible insights into today’s business and reveal the knowledge of basic concepts in that sphere. Management is a soft skill, one that is developed basically through the practice. That’s why such essays serve as a great practice to reflect the theories. How to write an excellent essay? The first step To write a conflict management essay is not only about demonstrating your knowledge of theory and prominent writing skills. Before the writing process, we should do a lot of work. First of all, you should read and deeply analyze the given instructions or a provided situation. Remember that an essay should be related to contemporary theories on managing. Then, you may use the brainstorming method and write down the theories you find the most related to the theme of your essay. Be confident that you are aware of these theories not to mislead future readers. If you received a topic, the best idea is to take a situation that will serve as a great example of new concepts you will discuss later. Even more, you may refer to real-life examples to sound more persuasive. Remember that the more complicated a situation is, the more material and ideas you will have to write about. Choose a situation that will allow you to demonstrate your awareness of conflict managing theories. The second step The next significant step as far as writing a management essay is concerned is to determine a structure of your writing. Write down a brief outline of the main points and make sure that your essay has a coherent structure. In general, the most popular structure is the introduction that serves as a brief synopsis of theory, a body containing concrete concepts of conflict management and appropriate examples, and conclusion with future recommendations and summarizing of your main points discussed throughout the paper. Regardless of strict academic standards, many modern-day essays include some bullet-points and headings to secure better readability. Also, you should remember that as far as conflict management essay is concerned, it is not enough to research literature and credible sources and collect the brilliant thoughts. First of all, you should think as an analytic and apply your logical thinking skills. But there is one more method! In case you still struggle with your writing on conflict solving, you may ask for the professional online help that you may find on Thewritemyessay. The team of professional writers possesses a great knowledge of Management and will create a paper for you that will appeal to your professor. The service proposes a profound analysis of a given situation, and you can be confident that you will get a strong mark as all primary goals will be met according to the original instructions.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

10,000 Soldiers Die in Tyrol From Avalanches During World War I

10,000 Soldiers Die in Tyrol From Avalanches During World War I During World War I, a battle waged between Austro-Hungarian and Italian soldiers amidst the cold, snowy, mountainous region of South Tyrol. While freezing cold and enemy fire were obviously dangerous, even more deadly were the heavily snow-padded peaks that surrounded the troops. Avalanches brought tons of snow and rock down these mountains, killing at an estimated 10,000 Austro-Hungarian and Italian soldiers in December 1916. Italy Enters World War I When World War I began after the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand  in June 1914, countries across Europe stood by their allegiances and declared war to support their own allies. Italy, on the other hand, did not. According to the Triple Alliance, first formed in 1882, Italy, Germany, and Austro-Hungary were allies. However, the terms of the Triple Alliance were specific enough to allow Italy, who had neither a strong military nor a powerful navy, to shirk their alliance by finding a way to remain neutral at the beginning of World War I. As the fighting continued into 1915, the Allied Forces (specifically Russia and Great Britain) began to woo the Italians into joining their side in the war. The lure for Italy was the promise of Austro-Hungarian lands, specifically a contested, Italian-speaking area in Tyrol, located in south-western Austro-Hungary. After more than two months of negotiations, the Allied promises were finally enough to bring Italy into World War I. Italy declared war on Austro-Hungary.on May 23, 1915. Getting the Higher Position With this new declaration of war, Italy sent troops north to attack Austro-Hungary, while Austro- Hungary sent troops to the southwest to defend itself. The border between these two countries was located in the mountain ranges of the Alps, where these soldiers fought for the next two years. In all military struggles, the side with the higher ground has the advantage. Knowing this, each side tried to climb higher into the mountains. Dragging heavy equipment and weaponry with them, soldiers climbed as high as they could and then dug in.   Tunnels and trenches were dug and blasted into the mountainsides, while barracks and forts were built to help protect the soldiers from the freezing cold. Deadly Avalanches While contact with the enemy was obviously dangerous, so were the frigid living conditions. The area, regularly icy, was particularly so from the unusually heavy snowstorms of the 1915-1916 winter, which left some areas covered in 40 feet of snow. In December 1916, the explosions from tunnel-building and from fighting took its toll for the snow began to fall off the mountains in avalanches. On December 13, 1916, a particularly powerful avalanche brought an estimated 200,000 tons of ice and rock on top of an Austrian barracks near Mount Marmolada. While 200 soldiers were able to be rescued, another 300 were killed. In the following days, more avalanches fell on troops both Austrian and Italian. The avalanches were so severe that an estimated 10,000 troops were killed by avalanche during December 1916. After the War These 10,000 deaths by avalanche did not end the war. Fighting continued into 1918, with a total of 12 battles fought in this frozen battlefield, most near the Isonzo River. When the war did end, the remaining, cold troops left the mountains for their homes, leaving much of their equipment behind.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Marketing Plan on owning a Pet Store Research Paper

Marketing Plan on owning a Pet Store - Research Paper Example ference 23 Organizational Overview Name of the Organization Organizational name is referred to as non personal names which refer to a structured body that exits to perform some common function. Some of the organization includes schools, business, and clubs to name a few. This project would deal in opening up of a pet shop in Arizona. The business would refer to as ‘Little Pet Shop’, as the name indicates the existence of small little pets around the store. The pet industry is one of the growing sectors in the US. According to a survey conducted by American Pet Product Association, in 2010-2011 around 62% of the US households own a pet. Mission statement The mission statement of the company would be to present the buyers with a wide choice of top quality of pet merchandise and pet foods at the best price available. For all your pet shopping needs. Geographic location Geographic location is an important factor in setting up a business. ... The product mix is based on the popularity of products. The organization will include product mix ranging from food items, accessories, to pet grooming. The organization would go with different product lines this is because having different product lines reduces the risk in the business. If one of the pet is not getting sold than there are other options available for the organization. Thus it would be beneficial to have a multiple product lines. Description of New Product The pet shop would deal in pets and pets’ foods. Pets would include from breed of dogs, different types of birds, cats and also fishes. The shop would have a retail outlet as well as an online site for its business and the mode of payment would be cash and card. The shop would deal in different breeds of pets. The shop is located in the central area of Arizona in Phoenix as location plays an important role in the success of the business and would help the shop to attract its customers and generate goodwill fo r the company. SWOT Analysis Strength The strength for the organization like ‘Little Pet Shop’ is its wide range of products that it will offer to its prospective customers. The company provides an option of both online shopping of pets along with bricks and mortars way. This enables customers to shop from anywhere they are and accepts all kinds of payments. The company would also provide home delivery of the pets in the respective location of the customers. The company’s strength will also lie in the product line that it is offering. Its product ranges not only pets but also their products which can be anything from the clothing section to styling area. Weakness The company is new and it would take some time for the organization to reach its breakeven point. The company would need